Archive for January 2011
U.S. citizenship provides many rights, but also involves many responsibilities. Thus, the decision to become a U.S. citizen through naturalization is important. In most cases, a person who wants to naturalize must first be a permanent resident. By becoming a U.S. citizen, you gain many rights that permanent residents or others do not have, including the right to vote. To be eligible for naturalization, you must first meet certain requirements set by U.S. law.
Citizenship through Naturalization is one of the most basic ways to get a US citizenship. Naturalization is a process by which to a foreign citizen is granted U.S citizenship. One of the requirements for naturalization is permanent residence (Green card holders are fulfilling it). Naturalization can only be granted in United States (there are some exceptions for certain US military members).
To apply for naturalization first you need to have green card and to live for 5 (five) years in USA (again, there are some exceptions listed later in this article). After that you can apply through Form N-400, Application for Naturalization.
One of the requirements for U.S. citizenship through naturalization is to take the naturalization test to demonstrate that you are able to read, write, and speak basic English and that you have a basic knowledge of U.S. history and government (also known as “civics”).
Once you have completed and submitted your Form N-400, Application for Naturalization, and you have had your fingerprints taken at a USCIS facility, you will receive an appointment for an interview. At your naturalization interview, you will be required to answer questions about your application and background. You will also take an English and civics test unless you qualify for an exemption or waiver.If an applicant fails the English and/or civics test during the first examination, the applicant will be required to take the same version of the test, old or new, when the applicant is retested. We will cover more about the Naturalization test in our next article, including sample questions for the civics test (including also download links for all the questions) and more information about all the components in the English test.
Requirements for Naturalization
- Be age 18 or older;
- Be a permanent resident for a certain amount of time (usually 5 years but less for some individuals);
- Be a person of good moral character;
- Have a basic knowledge of U.S. history and government;
- Have a period of continuous residence and physical presence in the United States;
- Be able to read, speak and write basic English.
You can apply for naturalization when:
- You have been a permanent resident for at least 5 years and meet all other eligibility requirements.
- You have been a permanent resident for 3 years or more and meet all eligibility requirements to file as a spouse of a U.S. citizen.
- You have qualifying service in the U.S. armed forces and meet all other eligibility requirements.
- Your child may qualify for naturalization if you are a U.S. citizen, the child was born outside the U.S., the child is currently residing outside the U.S., and all other eligibility requirements are met.
In general, you may qualify for naturalization under Section 319(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) if you have been a permanent resident (green card holder) for at least 3 years, have been living in marital union with the same U.S. citizen spouse during such time, and meet all other eligibility requirements listed in this article. More about Naturalization through marriage will be subject in other article.
Materials for download:
For the last few days we get more and more cases of visitors asking information if one particular e-mail they received is a scam. We also noticed increased activity of this e-mail scam. So we think it’s necessary to inform all of you – if you receive an e-mail from the address email@example.com – IT IS A SCAM! Here is an sample e-mail which you can recieve:
Subject: U.S. Department of State — United States Permanent Resident Card for “your name here” From: firstname.lastname@example.org To: “your e-mail here” Congratulations ! You are among those randomly selected and registered for further consideration in the diversity imigrant program. Selection guarantees that you will receive a United States Permanent Resident Card(also known as Green Card or Diversity Visa) only if you follow the instructions for further processing...
Usually in the e-mail are included some personal details (like country, phone, name, etc.) to convince you that it’s authentic.You can click to the image to see the exact look of the e-mail.
Do not fall for this, the details included are usually something harvested from public accounts like Facebook. After short convincing paragraph there is some price list and request for payment, in most cases 440$ or 880$:
Visa Payment processing instructions
Western Union is a leading provider of International person-to-person money transfer. With more than 150 years experience and 245,000 Agent locations in over 200 countries and territories, Western Union is recognized for sending money quickly, reliably, and safety. You can send the payment in U.S. dollars or equivalent of your local currency. The fees must be paid using Western Union money transfer and will be processed by the U.S. embassy in the United Kingdom.
If you don’t want to be victim of this kind of scam have in mind:
- DV lottery results are announced starting 1st May, not earlier;
- You can not win without participating first;
- You will be notified by post mail if you win;
- All fees for processing the visa documents are paid to your local US Embassy, the only payment you must do is the fee for participating in the Green Card Lottery;
There are a lot of benefits of having a green card (Permanent Resident Card) and living freely in USA is only small part of them. There are also some restrictions and obligations as well, but this is topic for another article. Now we’ll look at all of the benefits:
- Green card owners have the ability to enter and leave USA freely. There is no risk of being denied entry by an Immigration officials for them. Green card status is valid for lifetime, even though the Green card itself (the plastic card) must be renewed every 10-th years;
- You can apply for education financial aid sponsored by the government;
- US Visa holders pay 3 to 4 times less tuition for college and university than the foreigners;
- You can work in every US company in any job position. There is no need for employer sponsorship;
- Green card holders can find more job opportunities because of the green card / U.S. citizen status required by some jobs;
- You have the permission to start your own business/company/corporation;
- Social Security benefits are available if you work for 10 years or more;
- Green card owner can sponsor spouse and unmarried children under the age of 21 at later stage for obtaining permanent status (if they didn’t enter together);
- You obtain immunity against future changes in immigration rules. Most legal rights under the U.S. law;
- Eligibility for applying for US citizenship. You are not obligated to take it, but after 5 years living in USA you can obtain it;
- Visa owners can take mortgage easier;
- Many insurance companies require Green card for life and health insurance;
- You can legally own car, property, firearms and any other items the average Americans can own;
- You can stay in any of the states in America;
- Green card owners can make political campaigns;
- Naturalization eligibility.
Having a Green card is a privilege , not right. The most important benefit for the green card holders is the Green card itself!
You are looking for a Job in USA. You wrote good resume, you prepared good for the Job interview and made an perfect presentation and impression to the employer. Now you think you are finish… but you are not. You need to close up the interview in a good way, even less qualified candidate can take the job from you because of the good close-up. Also – even if it seems unnecessarily if you are not from USA – the follow up after the interview may be as much important as the interview itself. Don’t forget – in USA finding a job is like selling a product, except the fact that the product is you. Follow our tips to manage to do the best of your interview.
LAST CHANCE TO CLEAR BAD IMPRESSION
This is very important step at the end of the Job interview. You must ask this question everytime you are closing an interview: “Do you have any concerns about my ability to do the Job?” Be direct and ask this question to try to get a sincere response from the employer. This is you last chance to learn if you made a bad impression somewhere because – for example – of a incorrect communication or something important you forgot to mention. Once you leave the interview it’s hard, almost impossible to change someone’s impression, so make sure you you didn’t leave out anything in your background.
WHAT IS OUR NEXT STEP?
The very best way to finish Job interview – ask this question.This can be the deciding factor to get the job. Even if you are not yet sure for yourself that you want the position – express your interest. Show the employer that you want to know what you need to do to keep the process moving. Do not assume that the interviewer’s noticed your enthusiasm and interest earlier. Make sure you actually ask that question as your final words.
OK, IT’S OVER. NOW WHAT?
Always follow up with the company after your Job interview. If you have the e-mails addresses of the interviewers – send them an e-mail. If you don’t have them, can’t find them or just want to leave really good impression send a hand written “thank you” card or short letter. Americans really love this and you show you took an extra time to do it. Thank the interviewer for his/her time, re-iterate your interest in the opportunity, don’t forget to mention part of your notes which answer their “hot button” area (i hope you had taken notes and asked the “biggest challenge” question).
USA MANAGEMENT CULTURE
For end to our “work in USA” articles it’s good to mention the most basic points at the American management culture. Be sure you take it into account:
- The organizational culture within USA companies is strongly result orientated;
- Companies, respectively, are focused on direct results and short-term gains;
- An agenda is usually distributed before a meeting;
- Americans are usually on a first-name basis with each other from the beginning;
- Employees are motivated by their employers and there is little direct criticism in either direction;
- The goal of most negotiations is to “close the deal”.
Bottom line – when you are looking for a Job in USA, especially if it’s your first time, focus on advertising yourself. Present your qualification, experience and achievements in a confident, sharp, focused and even little aggressive manner and you will get the job.
So far we know how to write good resume (the USA CV) so we can manage to the job interview. Also we met the best way to prepare for Job interview – dress code, behavior, introductions. Now it’s time to learn the best techniques and tips to do the best impression possible, to manage to get not only the job itself, but also good the best possible offer. Learn how in a few steps:
BODY LANGUAGE AND PRESENTATION
In your overall presentation one of the most important things is your body language. It tells a lot about you, so manage to keep it according our tips:
- Sit up straight, lean slightly forward in your chair;
- Always keep eye contact. Many people make the mistake to keep eye contact only when they are listening, but when you are speaking keeping the eye contact is even more important. It show confidence!
- If the interview is long there is a chance to feel tired and show weariness. Stay alert, don’t show you feel tired, project energy constantly!
- It’s a good option if you duplicate your interviewer’s style and demeanor. Be yourself but match their body language and energy and let them set the tone of the interview.
- Even if your interviewer swear and speak casually DO NOT DO IT! Don’t use words like “yeah”, “uh-huh”, etc.
- Bring a notepad and a pen and take notes during the whole job interview. That way you show very effective that you show interest and attention to every detail.
“MUST ASK” QUESTION
Ask the interviewer what are the biggest challenges of the position you want. This question get the interviewer to tell you what their “hot buttons” are. Write down their answer and focus on telling how you can overcome those challenges with your skills , experience and background. Focus on the way you can help them, how you can contribute to their company. Do not focus on what the company has to offer you.
Never bring up the money topic in your first interview! Even if they ask you what you are making tell them, but also tell that you feel it’s premature to talk for money at this point. Show them you are interested in evaluating the entire opportunity, not the salary alone. Let them know you both can work out fair offer if you are both interesting in moving forward.
Do not bring the overtime topic. Even in a positive way. The interviewer will always remember if you discussed the overtime and regardless of how you positioned it they will always perceive it in a negative way. If you want to express your willingness for hard and long hours work it is better just to let them know that you will do whatever it takes to get the job done and you are familiar with the start up culture and expectations. This is just another, more discreet way to bring this question.
Don’t ask for the benefits info, don’t ask to take an office tour. These topics are negative for first interview and will come at a later time anyway.
It’s always better to show you WANT the job, don’t give the impression you NEED it! Companies doesn’t like desperate people. Be confident. Even if you have been out of work for a while and the interviewer bring this topic – let them know you are being very selective in your interviewing process to find the best opportunity for yourself. If you have been getting lots of rejections lately and you desperately need the job do not show that. Again – be confident!
THE “NIGHTMARE QUESTIONS” – LAID OFF OR FIRED
If you were laid off or even worse – if you were terminated for a cause in your last job it’s always awkward to let your interviewer why you left your last job. It’s unfair, but most of the hiring managers automatically assume the poorest performers are cut when layoff occur. Be prepared to answer the layoff question in a way that you will dispel any of these assumptions. Show that there was a specific business reason behind your layoff – your department was terminated, the product you supported was being discontinued, the office was moved, etc.
The “fired” topic is even more difficult to discuss. Never use the word “fired”, try softer versions like “let go” or “released”. DO not go into details about the circumstances, do not show any negative emotions like anger, blame, grudge. Speak with confidence, look the interviewer in the eye the entire time you are discussing the situation. If it’s possible offer a reference at the previous company who will give you solid reference about your performance. Offer up that information at the time you are discussing your termination. If you show confidence at this topic it’s most likely to give the interviewer impression that there is a doubt the last company made the right decision.
Bottom line – Be confident. Even if you are the worst case scenario – desperate for work fired employee – the confidence can make the difference!
Our next article will be about the best way to close the Job interview and what to do after it. Check back later!
In the previous article we met the requirements for writing good resume and application letter. So now we’ve got to the next level – the Job interview. Here you will see tips for introducing, dressing and behavior on a job interview in a few basic steps.
What you expect when you go to Job interview? To get an offer. Even if you are not sure you want this job you can always say no, so do your best in any interview you go. Your first impression is the most important thing to do, poor impression is a hard thing to overcome in a later stage.
DO SOME RESEARCH
It’s always a good thing to do some research about the company you’ll go to interview with. Find whatever you can in the Internet, if you can mention statistics, revenue numbers, backgrounds of the company executives and press releases you can blow alway the interviewer. Learn as much as you can for the company, even if the information is not available some online research can reveal you a lot. Know the company, their product, their industry, their competitors, show yourself like an expert.
Prepare yourself for all the stereotypical questions that get asked in interviews. You don’t want to get caught making some answer under the sun only to think later “Oh, why i told that…” If they ask where you see yourself in the next 5 years, let them know that you are more focused on the current position at this time, but you would obviously want to be considered for appropriate promotions as you master this position and show high performance.
These days a lot of companies use this technique, asking for specific examples if you are in situation they already encountered. It’s good if you prepare yourself for this kind of questions, it’s not always easy to get the right answer on the spot. Examples of this type questions are:
- How you will handle if you miss a dead-line?
- How you will deal with conflict with a co-worker or boss?
- What you will do when someone else’s actions caused your project to fail?
- What you will do when a customer is upset with you?
- What you will do if a co-worker blame you for something that is not your fault?
The first impression you make to the possible employer is the most important one. And the first impression come with your appearance. It’s always good idea to over-dress for an interview unless you know the company has a strict casual environment. If you are a coffee drinker or smoker be aware of your breath, use a mint before the interview but DO NOT use gum.Do not wear perfume/cologne or wear little enough that someone cannot smell it unless they are closer than one foot from you.
Men’s Interview dress code
- Suit (solid color – navy or dark grey)
- Long sleeve shirt (white or coordinated with the suit)
- Dark socks, conservative leather shoes
- Little or no jewelry
- Neat, professional hairstyle
- Limit the aftershave
- Neatly trimmed nails
- Portfolio or briefcase
Women’s Interview dress code
- Suit (navy, black or dark grey)
- The suit skirt should be long enough so you can sit down comfortably
- Coordinated blouse
- Conservative shoes
- Limited jewelry (no dangling earrings or arms full of bracelets)
- No jewelry is better than cheap jewelry
- Professional hairstyle
- Neutral pantyhose
- Light make-up and perfume
- Neatly manicured clean nails
- Portfolio or briefcase
What not to bring
- Cell phone
- Coffee or soda
- If you have lots of piercings, leave some of your rings at home (earrings only, is a good rule)
- Cover tattoos
It’s a good idea to get your clothes ready the night before the interview, so you don’t have to spend time getting them ready on the day of the interview. Don’t forget to polish your shoes!
ARRIVAL AND INTRODUCTION
When you are going to Job interview is good option to arrive 5 minutes early. Everyone set their watches differently, also some interviewers are very time-sensitive and will notice if you late even a minute. However, if you arrive more than 10 minutes earlier can be pressure for the interviewer, if he is not ready for you yet. If there is a chance to be late – call ahead and let the interviewer know about it.
When you arrive you must introduce yourself. Make eye contact, give your first and last name, let the interviewer to be the initiator of the handshake. When shaking hands the best option is to match your pressure according to the interviewer’s. After shaking hands wait a moment and smile.
In our next article we will meet with some tips about how to get through the Job interview.
Working in the USA is an opportunity to many people. However you need to prepare good for it, starting with successful application. Below you will find a review for getting a job in the USA, highlighting the most important points of this procedure.
- You require a visa to work in the USA;
- If you work and live in the USA without visa you are considered an “illegal alien”;
- For temporary working visa you must apply at the USA Embassy in your home country;
- If you want to work and live in the USA for permanent you need a Permanent Residence Visa (Green card), you can apply for a Green card here!
Work application procedure
- The Internet is your main source for vacancies, applications and information about getting job in the USA;
- You can check our Work in USA page for useful links. New information and links will be added on a regular basis;
- USA is a big country. Common practice for the job applications in one state can be different in other states, so check about the local customs and formalities;
- In practice you must “sell yourself” – the US application process is very commercial.
How to write a resume in the USA
- Resume stands for CV in the USA;
- Your resume is used to persuade the employer to invite you for an interview, use it like it’s your marketing tool and adapt it for the market in which you want to use it;
- Your best option is to write a short profile on yourself and to use power words and action verbs in a short and punchy sentences.
- Your resume must be “scan friendly”, it’s common procedure for the employer to scan your resume. Avoid using bold and italic fonts;
- The objective and the goal of your career is important, it’s a good option to start your resume mentioning them.
How to write application letter
- The application letter must be in short, professional style;
- If you know your employer’s name it’s good to start with “Dear Mr./Ms. X” and to end it with “Yours sincerely”;
- Use “Dear Sir/Madam” if you don’t know your employer name, for end use “Yours faithfully”;
- It is not unusual to mention the expected salary in your letter, so you can do it if you wish;
- You must include your telephone number in the last paragraph of your letter.
In our next article we mention the second part of getting a job in the USA – what to do and what to don’t in the Job interview.
If you are still wondering what exactly we do we’ll write a short review below for you.
The first part of our services, and the most important one, is to be sure that your Green card application is not disqualified. Let’s face it, the statistic is clear – almost 50% of the applications are disqualified because either wrong photos or not enough information in the application form. We make sure everything is fine and if it’s not – we make sure we correct the mistakes and collect the missing data, so your Green card application is not disqualified.
Second part – we are trying to do everything in your way. It’s not necessary for you to know English, so at least we can make our Green card registration forms in different languages. We do not use auto reply functions, we review every single registrations and confirm it manually because we take everything personal. It’s true, there are only two language options so far, but soon there will be more!
Last, but not least of course, is that we collect your Green card registrations every single day, all the year, so you can not miss your opportunity to Apply for green card because you are a little bit late.
Bottom line – we are the pair of eyes to make sure your application is in place on time as required – that’s what we do.
In addition we are trying to be as much useful as possible. That’s the reason to make this blog – to add tons of useful articles and information, to be in tuch with you.
After meeting the basic tips about green card interviews it’s time to take a look at the questions. Green card interview questions can be real tricky! But the agony to go trough the immigration officer’s questions is a must do for getting the green card. It’s a lengthy and tiring process and you can not avoid it. So your best choice is to be prepared for this ”grind” of the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services officials. If you are confused about the way this interview can go here you can prepare yourself a little bit:
Green Card Interview Questions
- What are the colors of the American flag?
- How many stars the American flag has?
- What do the stars on the American flag epitomize?
- The Union comprises of how many states?
- What does the date 4th of July signify?
- Name the first President of the United States?
- Who is the present President of the United States?
- Name the current vice-president of the United States?
- Who has the power to elect the President of the United States?
- Describe about Martin Luther King, Jr.?
- Explain one benefit as to why you would like to become a citizen of the United States.
- What is the United States Capitol?
- What is the White House?
- Describe the location of the White House.
- What is the President’s official home called?
- Give the names of the 2 major political parties in the U.S. today?
These are example questions, basically you can get any question out of the nothing, from your knowledge for the USA to your hobbies and even favorite movies. Green card interview questions are generally designed to test the knowledge of people who would like to permanently move from their country of origin to the United States. Questions are usually asked about U.S. history, about people of significance to the country, and about how the American government works. There is no exact set of questions that are asked for every single interview. The green card process generally varies a bit from situation to situation, and your specific circumstances will play a large role in the types of questions that get asked of you. The questioner may ask you about many different things. In addition the immigration officers can test you if you are or have been a member of a know terrorism organizations, if you are a threat to the security of the country. Don’t worry about it, if you can support yourself and are not a terrorist, then there is nothing to fear from the green card interview questions.
You can get a questions related to your work and the nature of your job, especially if it is an employment based green card. Be prepared to face any kind of questions from the officers! Don’t get nervous, even if you don’t know the answer. Better be honest than mistake about it.
If you are married or you are going to be married for an US citizen you can also face with
Marriage Based Green Card Interview Questions
- When Did you Get Married?
- What are the things that you and your spouse or fiancee have planned for the future?
- How did you meet your spouse or fiancee?
- How long has it been since you met your spouse or fiancee?
- What is the birthplace and birth date of your spouse?
- What are the hobbies you two enjoy in common?
Yes, the immigration officers can pop any question related to your life and relationship and if you are getting a marriage based green card they also want concrete proofs of your marriage.
Bottom line – be calmed and relaxed, really, you can answer all the questions and if you are unsure about the interview – don’t forget – we provide free help and consultation for every winner of the lottery which use our Green Card Application Services.
For Bulgarian version of this article look here: Въпроси на интервю за зелена карта
USAVISA.EU is all about Customers.
We don’t aim just the quantity, we aim at the quality. That’s the reason our website to provide not only best quality Green Card Application Services, but also a lot of information about the DV Lottery program.. We are trying to satisfy our visitors, so on a daily basis we will post something usefull.
But what about the language… our blog is English based but we will add more and more languages at our website and we will add part of the articles from here to the website in all supported languages.
So far we are with the English version and the Bulgarian version, soon we will add Russian , Romanian and other, as all the information for the Green Card Application will be translated, the registration form also, you can apply for Green Card without worries for the language.
For Bulgarian versions of the articles in this blog you can check here: СТАТИИ
In the meantime check us on a regular basis!